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Autism Spectrum Disorders

What is Autism? 


Autism, also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that affects individuals in various ways and to varying degrees. It is characterized by a range of symptoms related to social interaction, communication, and behavior.

Why do we say Autism is on a “spectrum”?

Autism is often referred to as a spectrum disorder because it encompasses a wide range of symptoms and levels of impairment. Some individuals with Autism may have milder symptoms and are able to live relatively independent lives, while others may have more severe impairments and require significant support.

What are the ASD "severity" levels


Level 1

Requiring Support

  • Individuals at Level 1 may need some support in social, communication, and behavioral areas.

  • They may have difficulty with social interactions, such as initiating conversations or maintaining eye contact.

  • They may exhibit inflexibility in routines or have difficulty with transitions.

Level 2

Requiring Substantial Support

  • Individuals at Level 2 require more substantial support than those at Level 1.

  • They often have greater challenges with communication, social interaction, and behavior.

  • They may engage in more pronounced repetitive behaviors or resistance to change.

Level 3

Requiring Very Substantial Support

  • Individuals at Level 3 have significant challenges and typically require very substantial support.

  • They may have severe deficits in communication and social skills.

  • They may exhibit extreme rigidity in routines and may have difficulty adapting to change.

  • Many individuals at Level 3 have limited or no verbal communication.

Autism Therapy

What are hallmarks of Autism?


Autism symptoms typically emerge in early childhood. Parents and caregivers may notice developmental differences in their child's behavior, such as delayed speech or social intera

Social & Communication Disorders

People with Autism may have trouble understanding and responding to social cues, making eye contact, holding conversations, and interpreting nonverbal communication, such as facial expressions and body language.

Repetitive Behaviors

Many individuals with Autism engage in repetitive behaviors and have specific routines or rituals. These behaviors can include repetitive hand-flapping, rocking, lining up objects, or fixating on particular interests.

Sensory Sensitivities

People with Autism may have heightened or diminished sensory sensitivities. They might be overly sensitive to sensory stimuli like noise, light, or touch, or, conversely, be less responsive to these stimuli.

What is the cause of Autism?

The exact cause of autism is not well understood, but it is believed to be the result of a combination of genetic and environmental factors.


Diagnosis and Assessment

Autism is diagnosed through careful observation and evaluation of an individual's behavior and development. Standardized assessment tools may also be used for diagnosis.

Supportive Services

Depending on the severity of symptoms, individuals with autism may benefit from ongoing support and services. These can include special education programs, speech and language therapy, and occupational therapy, as well as support for families and caregivers.

Interventions and Treatments

Early intervention is crucial for individuals with autism. Behavioral therapies, speech therapy, occupational therapy, and educational interventions can help improve social and communication skills and reduce challenging behaviors. Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) is one of the most commonly used therapies for children with Autism.

Advocacy and Awareness

Autism advocacy groups and organizations work to raise awareness, promote understanding, and support research into the causes and treatments of autism. Autism Awareness Month is observed in April to promote understanding and acceptance of individuals with autism.


Reaching out takes courage.

We are here to help when you need us.

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